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Clauses of Purpose


The grammatical organisation of sub-clauses of purpose does not take long to explain.
What merits consideration here is the syntactic organisation of the constituents of the complex sentence and the verb-forms in the structure of predication.
Clauses expressing purpose are known to be introduced by the conjunction that or lest and by the phrase in order that.
That has, perhaps, no rivals among connectives.
It is well known to have a particularly wide range of structural meanings, but no ambiguity arises in actual usage. As always in language, the context will remove in each case all the other significations, as potentially implicit in that which in subordination may do the duty of a relative pronoun and a conjunction.
Purpose clauses introduced by that may be illustrated by the following examples:
... she had softly moved her chair into its present place: partly as it seemed from an instinctive consciousness that he desired to avoid observation: and partly that she might, unseen by him, give some vent to the natural feelings she had hitherto suppressed. (Dickens)
And lest the sun should break this charm too eagerly, there moved between him and the ground a mist like that which waits upon the moon on summer nights... (Dickens)
Infinitival phrases implying purpose relations are commonplace. Familiar examples are:
This action has been brought by the plaintiff to recover from the defendant the sum of three hundred and fifty pounds, alleged by the plaintiff to have been fixed by this correspondence... (Galsworthy)
She made a movement to cross into the traffic.
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Источник: N. M. RAYEVSKA. MODERN ENGLISH GRAMMAR. 1976 {original}

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